why political heroes
Political values are abstract. That makes it difficult to discuss them. That is a pity because to build a political community feeling, this is an important thing to do. To solve this, you can tell your values in stories of real people who embody those values. You give values a face and thereby make it easier to speak about them.
Epic and fairytale stories have heroes. Are human beings perfect enough to qualify as political heros? While we know about human imperfection, I believe we are all used to have heroes, it is just the question who fills the void best: the national history narrative filling our squares with statues of warriors and monarchs, a religion with their saints, Disney or a progressive political movement? The European Parliament awards each year the Sakharov prize for a similar purpose.
Here you go, my personal list of political heroes: for you to question and discuss and meant as my question to you: Who would be your political heroes?
Jürgen Habermas, political philosopher, because he convinced me during studies of his communicative theory as the best foundation available for a global political system.
Altiero Spinelli, politician and philosopher, for defining and defending Federalism to protect democracy and peace against nationalism in theory and in the European Parliament
Jawaharlal Nehru, leader of the Indian independence movement and first Prime Minister, for establishing and safeguarding the world’s largest democracy by peaceful means
Edward Snowden, whistleblower in a US military contractor, for exposing the threats for our freedom looming from the military-industrial complex and modern use of data
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, US president, for defending democracy against the great depression with his New Deal
Chelsea Manning, whistleblower in the US military, for exposing war crimes in Iraq, Guantanamo Bay and Afghanistan
Wangari Maathai, politician, for fighting against corruption and to protect the nature of Africa
Jon Stewart, comedian, for creating a genre of comedy that is more informative than journalism and protecting sanity in times of insanity
Simon Hix, political scientist, for demonstrating how close the European integration brought us already to what we know from national democracies and the USA
Pierre Bourdieu, social philosopher, for developing sociological concepts like Habitus to make us understand the positioning of individuals within society
Petra Kelly, politician, former General Secretary of Young European Federalists, for co-founding the Greens as European political movement for feminist, ecologist, democratic change
Nelson Mandela, politician, for leading South Africa out of its Apartheid policy in a peaceful struggle
Malala Yousafzai, campaigner for education of girls in the particularly patriarchal society of Pakistan
Elinor Ostrom, economist, for developing the concept of the commons in economics. http://evonomics.com/tragedy-of-the-commons-elinor-ostrom/
John Maynard Keynes, economist, because he explained economics more comprehensive than most and suggested recipes that followed today still would help a lot.
Ai Weiwei for being one of the most important voices of opposition in China, speaking up in Chinese symbols for freedom, rule of law and solidarity and inspiring me with some of the best modern and political art I know.
Anna Politkowskaja, journalist, for exposing war crimes in Chechnya despite threats for her life until she was shot
Antoine Deltour, whistleblower and accountant, for exposing tax deals between Luxembourg and big companies and giving power to the fight for tax justice in the EU
Hanna Arendt, political philosopher, for defining lessons learned from the authoritarian threat for our democracy
Joe Hill, migrant worker, unionist and singer, for organising workers with political and artistic means that became legend
Magnus Hirschfeld, a founder of the German gay movement and of a scientific way to deal with sexuality, for freeing sexuality of traditional taboos
Martin Luther King, for making the USA less racist towards black people with non-violent political means
Sophie Scholl, student and activist, for fighting Nazi Facism in Munich
Johannes Gutenberg, inventor of modern printing in the West, for allowing knowledge to spread and the information age to start (and for coming from Mainz like me)
Kurt Eisner, first Ministerpräsident of the Free State of Bavaria after the First World War, a truely internationalist Socialist and consequent democrat.
- Rosa Parks
- Bertrand Russell
- Olympe de Gouges
- Simone Veil
- Clara Zetkin
- Ruth Ginsberg
- Audre Lourde
- Mohammad Mossadeh
- Salvador Allende
- Albert Schweizer
- Dietrich Bonhoeffer
- Helen Clark, Neuseeländische Premierministerin
- Frida Carlo
- Kurt Tucholsky
- Shiori Ito, Japanese journalist who sued her rapist and won in court.
- Rosa Luxemburg